What's New at KVC
Welcome to Darcy, the new addition to Kensington Vet Clinic.
Darcy came to us as a stray kitten in search of a new home and we all fell in love with him.
He gets on really well with the other cats but he has been a little too overconfident with making friends with anyone who comes in the clinic, so please watch out for him when you come in the front door.
Case of the Month
Canine Geriatric Vestibular Disease
"H" is a 10 year old dog who had a dramatic onset of vomiting suddenly and was unable to stand when the owners came home. His head was tilted to the right side and would fall to the right when placed on his feet. His eyes were flicking sideways and he seemed unable to focus properly, but he had no other neurologic signs.
Geriatric Vestibular disease (old dog vestibular disease) causes an acute onset of signs associated with lack of balance in older dogs and has no known cause.
About 30% of dogs will have nausea and vomiting, thought to be associated with perceived motion sickness.
It is often mistaken for a stroke.
It is diagnosed by age of onset, and by clinical and neurologic signs, as well as exclusion of other causes of loss of balance; and is confirmed by alleviation of clinical signs over 48-72 hours.
Supportive care, including anti-vomiting medication and iv fluids if required, usually results in rapid improvement.
"H"improved over the next 48 hours with medication to help his nausea, and is now back to normal.
He is unlikely to get this condition again.
PET CARE FACTS
Did you know that dogs and cats can become diabetic?
Just like us they can develop diabetes as a result of poor diet and lifestyle. Middle aged, sedentary and overweight dogs and cats are at higher risk of developing diabetes. There may also be a genetic predisposition in some breeds such as the Burmese. In cats, high carbohydrate diets are also implicated as a causative factor. This is because cats have evolved to eat an all meat diet and they are not good at metabolizing carbohydrate.
Diabetes is caused by a lack of production of insulin by the pancreas. Insulin helps the body use glucose for energy and thus helps regulate blood glucose. Diabetics have high blood glucose but lose weight because they are unable to use it. Untreated diabetics may also become sick due to numerous possible complications.
If your pet becomes diabetic you may notice an increase in thirst, hunger and urination, usually with corresponding weight loss. Blood and urine tests may be needed to confirm the diagnosis.
Managing a diabetic requires feeding a good quality low fat diet and giving insulin injections twice a day. Most dogs and cats adjust easily to these injections as they involve a small volume given through a very small needle. It often helps to give them a treat or a reward after their injection. They will need to visit the vet regularly until they become stable and the correct dose of insulin is worked out. Some pets may become non insulin dependent once they are stabilized but most require injections for the rest of their life.
Diabetic cats and dogs can usually look forward to a long healthy life if they are well managed. If you suspect your pet may be diabetic please book in to see one of our vets for a checkup.